Ultimate Guide on Building Stairs

A well-designed staircase is a luxury. Building a staircase is not a simple task. It requires careful planning, lots of calculations, and high-quality carpentry. Aside from that, you also have to consider your local building code requirements.

A staircase has lots of components that you have to consider such as risers, steps, landing, flight, railing, and many more! When designing the stairs, homeowners have a lot to consider such as the shape of the stairs and the material to use.

Here at Geelong Carpenters, we guarantee that our carpenters are excellently trained and have notable carpentry experience.

11 Tips in Building Stairs

Determine the Code Requirements for Your Stairs

Before starting to build your stairs, you should check your municipalities for the local building codes. Others have strict guidelines that should be followed.

Do Not Skimp on Glue

In building stairs, you need to worry about a squeaky set of stairs rather than a wasted tube of glue! Apply glue in every part where wood touches wood.

Measure Two or Three Times

Before cutting the wood, you should measure it two or three times because we don’t want uneven stairs.

Know the Measurement of the Floor Finish

Make sure to calculate the thickness of the finish floor and adjust the floor-to-floor height if needed.

Make the Floor Slip-Resistant

Wooden stairs are lovely and elegant. The downside is they are slippery. Carpeted stairs are mostly preferred because it also has a cushion wherein if someone falls, the chances of getting severe injuries are very low.

It’s also better to have gentler and rounded nosings in case someone slips and hit their shins, rounded nosings make it less painful.

Have an Adequate Headroom

Usually, the minimum code requirement for headroom is 6 ft 8 in clearance. The reason behind it is most people are more than 6 feet tall and if they are in a hurry while going down the stairs, they can get their head hit on a low-hanging beam.

Wider Stairs are Better

The minimum stairs width in Australia is 600 mm but usually, this is not the walkable surface measurement. A wider stair is easier if you’re going up while carrying some stuff.

Increase the Lighting

If you have poor lighting on your stairs, accidents are waiting to happen. There are several ways to increase lighting such as adding windows, motion sensor night lights, skylights, electroluminescent grip edges, and lighted handrails, just to name a few.

Measure the Runs

It’s a bit risky to have short treads. To walk safely on short treads, you need to turn your foot at a certain angle or else your foot will hang over the nosing.


Building stairs requires careful planning and designing. Having reliable experts to help you out will make it easier. Aside from that, you’ll have peace of mind when it comes to the quality of carpentry.

As a leading company, our team makes sure that each measurement is carefully calculated. Our goal at Geelong Carpenters is to provide quality and long-lasting staircases.

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